was born and raised in Hanover but upon his succession to the throne as George
I 's only child he adapted himself to English Society. His passions were the
military, music and his wife, Caroline of Auspach. Like his father, whom he
detested, he too detested his eldest son Frederick, Prince of Wales, who died
to his Father's ill-disguised glee, after being struck by a cricket ball.
inherited a politically stable, economically prosperous and expanding kingdom,
and a powerful minister, Walpole, whose survival in spite of George's initial
dislike, was due largely to his close working relationship with the intelligent
and worldly Queen Caroline.
1739 Britain was involved in almost continuing warfare, first with Spain, then
with France during the war of the Austrian succession and then again with
France during the Seven Year War. These events lead to the resignation of
Walpole, for he was no war minister. With the British Army engaged in Flanders
the Scottish Jacobites took the opportunity to attempt again the restoration of
a Stuart to the throne, gaining victory at Prestonpans. However victory was
shortlived and the Jacobites were crushed by the British Army now retuirned
A King of
fairly moderate ability, he was guided in matters of state by his wife who was
far more cultural and intelligentthan her husband. Notable events in his reign
were the first national road system since the Romans and George's leading of
his troops into battle at Dettingen, the last Monarch to do this.
of the reign
was coined only spasmodically by the Mint during the reign and no copper was
struck after 1754. Gold coins made from bullion supplied by the East India
Company bear the company's initials. Some of the treasure seized by Admiral
Anson on his circumnavigation of the globe was made into coin and had the word
LIMA below the King's bust to celebrate the expedition's successful harrasment
of the spanish colonies in the New World. Hammered gold was finally demonitized
Issue: Five Guineas, Two Guineas, Guinea, and Half- Guinea.
Issue: Crown, Halfcrown, Shilling, Sixpence, Fourpence, Threepence, Twopence,
Issue: Halfpenny and Farthing.